name_________________________              AGRO 1033 T1, S2007


____    The Hatch Act of 1887 is responsible for:

            A. the agriculture experiment station programs in each state

            B. new plant variety patent laws

            C. the establishment of major universities in each state

            D. the agencies that monitor plant seed certification in each state


____    Corn was first cultivated in:

            A. Asia                                                 B. Mexico

            C. Africa                                                          D. Europe


____    A plant that completes it’s life cycle in one season is a:

            A. annual                                                          B. cool season

            C. biennial                                                        D. perennial


____    If the high and low temperatures yesterday were 80 and 60 F, the DD60 is:

            A. 0                             B. 5                              C. 10                           D. 20


____    Which of the following is an example of a cereal crop?

            A. cotton                                                          B. rapeseed

            C. soybean                                                       D. rice


____    Which of the following is both a fiber and an oilseed crop?

            A. soybean                                                       B. corn

            C. sunflower                                                     D. cotton


____    A term relating plant survivability in cold weather is:

            A. vernalization                                     B. resiliency

            C. hardiness                                                     D. freeze value


____    An example of a plant Family in the binomial system is:

            A. ‘Armor A47G7’                                          B. Leguminosae

            C. Angiospermae                                              D. Zea mays


____    An example of a registered cultivar in plant classification is:

            A. Leguminosae                                                B. ‘Armor A47G7’

            C. Glycine max                                     D. Monocotyledonae


____    An example of a ‘value added’ use of a field crop is:

            A. animal feed for field corn                              B. soybean meal for soybeans

            C. cotton thread for cotton                                D. ethanol from corn


____    Early evidence supports that the first crops cultivated were:

            A. beans                                                           B. cereals

            C. apples                                                          D. cotton

name_________________________              AGRO 1033


1. Why is agronomy, and growing field crops, both a science and an art?  (10 pts)


Science dictates the genetic, technology, and marketing advances and achievements while ‘art’ is the scientifically based design of crop management and marketing systems for specific situations.











____    The scientific name of field corn is:

            A. Oryza sativa                                     B. Zea mays

            C. Glycine max                                     D. Ida dunno


____    The scientific name of soybeans is:

            A. Oryza sativa                                     B. Zea mays

            C. Glycine max                                     D. Ida dunno


____    The scientific name of rice is:

            A. Oryza sativa                                     B. Zea mays

            C. Glycine max                                     D. Ida dunno


____    For any region, the growing season is defined roughly as:

            A. 100 to 220 days                                          B. frost to frost

            C. daylight to dark                                            D. 365 days minus latitude 


____    A field that is USDA Land Class IIw has:

            A. no limitations for continuous row crop farming

            B. severe limitations for continuous row crop farming due to erosion hazards

            C. severe limitations for continuous row crop farming due to wetness hazards

            D. slight limitations for continuous row crop farming due to wetness hazards


____    Southeast Arkansas, with an average of 54 inches rain/year, is classified as:

            A. arid                                                              B. semi-arid

            C. sub-humid                                                    D. humid


____    Most of the growing regions of the mid-west and southeastern U.S. is in:

            A. tropic climate                                               B. temperate climate

            C. sub-tropic climate                                        D. sub-artic climate

name______________________        AGRO 1033, T1, S2007


____    An example of a ‘bramble’ crop is:

            A. soybean                                                       B. sweet potato

            C. alfalfa                                                           D. blackberry


____    A ‘sentinel’ crop is a small patch of a crop planted to:

            A. trap insect pests before the main crop          

            B. protect the soil until a desired crop can establish itself

            C. monitor for outbreaks of insect or disease pests

            D. protect the soil in the winter and add organic matter


____    An example of a small grain cereal crop is:

            A. wheat                                                          B. soybean

            C. corn                                                             D. alfalfa


____    Ovules, when fertilized, develop into:

            A. seeds                                                           B. anthers

            C. ovaries                                                         D. pistols


____    Spontaneous generation of seeds without any fertilization is called:

            A. stamengenesis                                              B. anthesis

            C. apomixis                                                      D. self-pollination


____    Pollen grains are located in the:

            A. pistol                                                           B. anthers

            C. ovary                                                           D. stigma


____    A potato is vegetatively propagated by a:

            A. aerial bulblet                                                B. tuber

            C. tuberous root                                               D. bulb


What are five tips you can give that would help a new farmer establish a strong, healthy stand of a row crop like corn?  (10 pts)


Examples:  - soil test  - choose high yielding variety for region, look at University

variety trials,   - prepare a well granulated seed bed   - use Certified treated seed -

plant at the right time of year   - make sure equipment is in working order and calibrated.









name_____________________________      AGRO 1033, T1, S2007


Matching.  Cellular functions.   (8 pts)

_G___  chloroplasts                                         A.  cell wall synthesis sites

_C___  mitochondria                                        B.  intra-cellular space

_I___  endoplasmic reticulum                            C.  respiration site

_A___  golgi bodies                                         D. contain DNA

_D___  nucleus                                                F.  contain chromesomes

__B__  middle lamella                          G.  photosynthesis

_H___  cell walls                                              H. support

_D___  chromesomes                                       I.  protein synthesis site


____  Tissue areas in plants that are active in mitosis are called:

            A. xylem                                                           B. ribosomal

            C. meristematic                                     D. schlerenchyma


____    Thick, hard-walled cell tissue of plants are called:

            A. epidermal                                                     B.  schlerenchyma

            C. parenchyma                                     D. meristematic


____    The very first plant part that emerges from a germinating seed is the:

            A. root radicle                                                  B.  embryonic leaf

            C. cotyledonary node                                       D. endosperm


____    A ‘hybrid’ variety of a crop is one that is the result of:

            A. crossing of two different varieties                  B. a self-pollinated cross

            C. vegetative cell culture                                   D. DNA engineering


____    An example of a monoecious plant species is:

            A. soybean                                                       B. corn

            C. wheat                                                          D. rice


____    Plants that have very distinct vegetative and reproductive growth stages are:

            A. warm season                                                B. dioecious

            C. monoecious                                                 D. determinates


Matching.  Plant breeding and genetics lingo.

_3___  haploid                                                 1.  chemical that can produce a 4n plant

__1__  colchicine                                             2.  breeding two different plants

_5___  tetraploid                                              3. 1n chromesome number

__4__  gene                                                     4. smallest unit of DNA causing a trait

__2__  crossing                                                5. 4n chromesomes


LIST.  List five examples of how plant species can reproduce vegetatively, naturally or artificially induced.  (5 pts)

bulbs, bulblets, tubers, rhizomes, stolons, tillers, cuttings, tissue culture, others