Chapter 9—Reproduction

 

            Terms to know—copulation, ovulation, fertilization, implantation, gestation, parturition, lactation, Prototheria, monotreme, Theria, Metatheria, Eutheria, marsupial, placental, oviparous, cloaca, egg tooth, mammary lobule, placenta, marsupium, choriovitelline, chorioallantoic, estrus cycle, proestrus, follicle, ovulation, corpus luteum, metestrus, diestrus, monestrus, polyestrus, spontaneous ovulation, induced ovulation, delayed fertilization, blastocyst, delayed implantation, delayed development, uterus, ovary, urogenital sinus, bifurcated, vagina, duplex, bipartite, bicornate, simplex. 

 

Reproduction

 

I.                    Advantages of mammalian reproduction

II.                 Steps of reproduction

a.       Copulation

b.      Ovulation

c.       Fertilization

d.      Implantation

e.       Gestation

f.        Parturition

g.       Lactation

III.               Basic mammalian reproductive types

a.       Prototheria

b.      Metatheria

c.       Eutheria

IV.              Reproduction in prototherians (monotremes)

V.                 Placentae

a.       Choriovitelline

b.      Chorioallantoic

VI.              Estrus cycle

a.       Proestrus

b.      Ovulation

c.       Metestrus

d.      Diestrus

e.       Monestrus vs. polyestrus

f.        Spontaneous ovulation vs. induced ovulation

VII.            Variation in developmental patterns

a.       Delayed fertilization

b.      Delayed implantation

c.       Delayed development

VIII.         Female reproductive tracts

a.       General anatomy

b.      Monotremes

c.       Marsupials

d.      Eutherians