AGRO 3503.  Other cool season cereals.  Unit IV-4, 20 pts.

 

NOTE:  Print this out and use the following links to find answers to the following questions. 

 

                                    BARLEY

 

                                    TRITICALE

 

                                    RYE

                                   

                                    OATS

 

1. Barley ranks where in total cereal crop production in the U.S.?

            A. 2nd                           B. 3rd                            C. 4th                           D. 5th

 

2. Over half the barley produced in the U.S. is used for:

            A. ethanol                                                 B. animal feed

            C. bread flour                                                        D. beer

 

3. The most common type of barley grown for beer malt is:

            A. 2 row                                                      B. 6 row

            C. 4 row                                                      D. red

 

4. Barley malt is made from:

            A. seed husks                                                    B. seed embryo

            C. barley root sprouts                                     D. ground leaves

 

5. Modern day triticale has been produced by crossing rye with:

            A. SRWW                                                            B. duram wheat

            C. spelta wheat                                         D. white oats

 

6. Currently, the most significant utilization of triticale is for:

            A. feed and forage                                            B. bread flour blends

            C. malting                                                  D. ethanol production

 

7. Triticale is cultivated similar to:

            A. wheat                                                   B. corn

            C. ryegrass                                                            D. pearl millet

 

8. The most serious disease of spring triticale is:

            A. ergot                                                    B. stripe rust

            C. glume blotch                                         D. root rot

 

9. The main obstacle of growing triticale as a cash crop is:

            A. low yields                                                    B. seed vigor

            C. limited markets                                     D. poor soil adaptability

 

10. Average grain yields of rye in the upper Midwest can be expected to be around:

            A. 10 bu/ac                                                    B. 25 bu/ac

            C. 35 bu/ac                                                    D. 55 bu/ac

 

11.  Which of these cereals can be grown over the widest range of environmental

        conditions?

            A. oats                                                             B. rye

            C. barley                                                   D. duram wheat

 

12. When making rye bread, it is usually mixed with:

            A. wheat flour                                                       B. malt

            C. corn starch                                                   D. rice

 

13. Rye relies on the wind for pollination because:

            A. it is a self pollinated species             B. it is a C4 plant

            C. it has 6 basal florets per spikelet             D. it is a cross pollinated species

 

14. The most serious disease in rye is:

            A. ergot                                                    B. stem rust

            C. glume blotch                                         D. powdery mildew

 

15. Which of the following cereals has the the LOWEST winter hardiness?       

            A. oats                                                             B. rye

            C. barley                                                   D. duram wheat

 

16. The palatability as a forage of which of these cereals is the GREATEST?

            A. rye                                                               B. wheat

            C. oats                                                             D. barley

 

17. Which of these herbicides should NEVER be used in oats?

            A. 2,4-D                                                         B. Harmony Extra

            C. Ouadris                                                            D. Hoelon

 

18. To increase the brightness of harvested oat seeds:

            A. harvest at 10% or less moisture             B. plant only certified seed

            C. harvest at 15% moisture then dry seeds            D. increase N fertilization rates

 

19. Of the four cool season cereals in this unit, which one do you think has the most

      potential and why?