AGEN 2363, Chpt. 12 Notes: Pastureland, Rangeland, and Forest Land Management.

 

I.  Favorable effects of grass-, shrub-, and forest lands:

            1.

            2.

            3.

            4.

            5.

 

II. Situations where erosion/sedimentation problems may occur:

            1.

            2.

            3.

            4.

 

    Eutrophication’ =

 

III.  Definitions:

            Pasture land –

 

            Range land –

 

            Forest land –

 

IV. Pasture management.

   A. Establishment: Establish objectives first!

            - Establishment or renovation? 

 

            - Pre-establishment activities:

 

            - Species selection(s):

 

    B. Maintenance:

            - Grazing systems:

 

            - Fertilization:

 

            - Poultry litter application: the P-index.  (lab exercise)

 

            - Other activities:  Weed control?  Over-seeding winter annuals? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

V. Rangeland management.

    A. Species management on rangelands, define:

            - grasses -

           

            - grass-like –

 

            - legumes

 

            - forbs

 

    B. Grazing management:

            - ‘Carrying Capacity’ –

 

            - Factors affecting carrying capacity:

 

 

            - ideas for good grazing management of rangelands (p. 358):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VI. Forests.

    A. Main cause of soil erosion in timber managed areas =

 

    B. Four principal methods of tree harvest:

            1. Selection.

 

            2. Shelterwood.

 

            3. Seed tree.

 

            4. Clear cutting.

 

    C. Guidelines for environmentally safe fertilizer application to forests:

            1.

            2.

            3.

            4.

            5.

            6.

            7.